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NCPD Article

COVID-19 Pandemic 101: An Epidemiology and Public Health Primer for Oncology Nurses

Susan Yackzan
Suzanne M. Mahon
CJON 2021, 25(1), 33-40 DOI: 10.1188/21.CJON.33-40

Background: Understanding basic epidemiology and public health concepts is essential to the provision of safe care during a pandemic. These basic concepts and terms include containment, mitigation, predictive modeling, latent period, incubation period, reproduction number, case fatality rate, and test sensitivity and specificity.

Objectives: Public health concepts and terms are defined, described in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and specific implications for oncology nursing practice are discussed.

Methods: A review of public health literature and reputable websites with a focus on COVID-19 data. This article defines epidemiologic and public health concepts and uses examples from the pandemic to illustrate oncology nursing implications.

Findings: The COVID-19 pandemic is changing oncology nursing care delivery. Oncology nurses need to understand these concepts to anticipate and advocate for optimal oncology care.

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