Background: Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot, or thrombus, inside of a blood vessel. Pediatric patients with cancer are at a higher risk of developing a thrombus because of their underlying disease, as well as their treatment and supportive care. Thrombosis can lead to significant morbidity, such as pulmonary embolism, in pediatric patients with cancer.
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for developing a thrombus among pediatric patients with cancer, along with treatment and prevention protocols. This study also examines the clinical nurse’s role in preventing thrombosis and caring for pediatric patients who present with thrombosis.
Methods: The thrombosis literature was reviewed to identify risk factors, treatment regimens, and strategies for prevention.
Findings: Thrombosis in pediatric patients with cancer requires management of potential complications so that cancer treatment may continue.