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Oncology Essentials

Lactic Acidosis in Patients With Cancer

Jeanne Held-Warmkessel
Deena Damsky Dell
CJON 2014, 18(5), 592-594 DOI: 10.1188/14.CJON.592-594

Lactic acidosis is the most common metabolic acidosis in hospitalized patients—the result from an underlying pathogenic process. To successfully manage lactic acid production, its cause needs to be eliminated. Patients with cancer have many risk factors for developing lactic acidosis, including the cancer diagnosis itself. Patients with lactic acidosis are critically ill, requiring an intense level of nursing care with accompanying frequent cardiopulmonary and renal assessments. The mortality rate from lactic acidosis is high. Therefore, appropriate nursing interventions may include end-of-life and palliative care.

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