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Article

Sexual Dysfunction in Multiple Myeloma

Tiffany A. Richards
Page A. Bertolotti
Deborah Doss
Emily J. McCullagh
the International Myeloma Foundation Nurse Leadership Board
CJON 2011, 15(4), 53-65 DOI: 10.1188/11.CJON.S1.53-65

The World Health Organization describes sexuality as a "central aspect of being human throughout life and encompasses sex, gender identities and roles, sexual orientation, eroticism, pleasure, intimacy, and reproduction. Sexuality is influenced by the interaction of biological, psychological, social, economic, political, cultural, ethical, legal, historical, religious, and spiritual factors." Currently, no research has been conducted regarding sexual dysfunction in patients with multiple myeloma; therefore, information related to the assessment and evaluation of sexual dysfunction is gleaned from other malignancies and diseases. In this article, members of the International Myeloma Foundation's Nurse Leadership Board discuss the definition, presentation, and causes of sexual dysfunction; provide recommendations for sexual assessment practices; and promote discussion among patients with multiple myeloma, their healthcare providers, and their partners.