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When Medication Is Not Enough: Nonpharmacologic Management of Pain

Christine G. Gatlin
Lisa Schulmeister
CJON 2007, 11(5), 699-704 DOI: 10.1188/07.CJON.699-704

Patients with cancer commonly experience pain, which typically is controlled pharmacologically. Despite advances in pain management, pain continues to be undertreated. Nonpharmacologic measures may effectively manage pain but often are overlooked or underused. Nurses who are familiar with simple, noninvasive, nonpharmacologic measures, such as patient positioning, thermal measures, massage therapy, aromatherapy, and mind-body therapies, can identify and educate patients who may benefit from nonpharmacologic interventions.


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