Lessons Learned in Developing a Support Intervention for African American Women With Breast Cancer

Doris Dickerson Coward

ONF 2005, 32(2), 261-266. DOI: 10.1188/05.ONF.261-266

Purpose/Objectives: To describe the process of planning a theory-based support group project for African American women with breast cancer.

Jump to a section


    Ashing-Giwa, K., & Ganz, P. (1997). Understanding the breast cancer experience of African American women. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 15(2), 19-35.

    Barg, F.K., & Gullatte, M.M. (2001). Cancer support groups: Meeting the needs of African-Americans with cancer. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 17, 171-178.

    Barroso, J., McMillan, S., Casey, L., Gibson, W., Kaminski, G., & Meyer, J. (2000). Comparison between African-American and white women in their beliefs about breast cancer and their health locus of control. Cancer Nursing, 23, 268-276.

    Bickell, N.A. (2002). Race, ethnicity, and disparities in breast cancer: Victories and challenges. Women's Health Issues, 12, 238-251.

    Bourjolly, J.N., & Hirschman, K.B. (2001). Similarities in coping strategies but differences in sources of support among African-American and white women coping with breast cancer. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 19(2), 17-38.

    Cope, D.G. (1995). Functions of a breast cancer support group as perceived by the participants: An ethnographic study. Cancer Nursing, 18, 472-478.

    Coward, D.D. (1998). Facilitation of self-transcendence in a breast cancer support group. Oncology Nursing Forum, 25, 75-84.

    Coward, D.D. (2003). Facilitation of self-transcendence in a breast cancer support group: II. Oncology Nursing Forum, 30, 291-300.

    Coward, D.D., & Reed, P.G. (1996). Self-transcendence: A resource for healing at the end of life. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 17, 275-288.

    Dignam, J.J. (2000). Differences in breast cancer prognosis among African-American and Caucasian women. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 50, 50-64.

    Fobair, P. (1997a). Cancer support groups and group therapies: Part I. Historical and theoretical background and research on effectiveness. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 15(1), 63-81.

    Fobair, P. (1997b). Cancer support groups and group therapies: Part II. Process, organizational, leadership, and patient issues. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 15(3/4), 123-147.

    Ghafoor, A., Jemal, A., Ward, E., Cokkinides, V., Smith, R., & Thun, M. (2003). Trends in breast cancer by race and ethnicity. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 53, 342-355.

    Greenlee, R.T., Murray, T., Bolden, S., & Wingo, P.A. (2000). Cancer statistics, 2000. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 50, 7-33.

    Henderson, P.D., Gore, S.V., Davis, B.L., & Condon, E.H. (2003). African American women coping with breast cancer: A qualitative analysis. Oncology Nursing Forum, 30, 641-647.

    Holt, C.L., Clark, E.M., Kreuter, M.W., & Rubio, D.M. (2003). Spiritual health locus of control and breast cancer beliefs among urban African American women. Health Psychology, 22, 294-299.

    Johnson, J. (2000). An overview of psychosocial support services. Resources for healing. Cancer Nursing, 23, 310-313.

    Lackey, N.R., Gates, M.F., & Brown, G. (2001). African American women's experiences with the initial discovery, diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 28, 519-527.

    Long, E. (1993). Breast cancer in African-American women. Review of the literature. Cancer Nursing, 16, 1-24.

    Lythcott, N., Green, B.L., & Kramer Brown, Z. (2003). The perspective of African-American breast cancer survivor-advocates. Cancer, 97(1, Suppl.), 324-328.

    Mandelblatt, J.S., Kerner, J.F., Hadley, J., Hwang, Y.T., Eggert, L., Johnson, L.E., et al. (2002). Variations in breast carcinoma treatment in older Medicare beneficiaries: Is it black or white. Cancer, 95, 1401-1414.

    Oncology Nursing Society. (1999). Multicultural outcomes: Guidelines for cultural competence. Pittsburgh, PA: Author.

    Reynolds, P., Hurley, S., Torres, M., Jackson, J., Boyd, P., & Chen, V.W. (2000). Use of coping strategies and breast cancer survival: Results from the Black/White Cancer Survival Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 152, 940-949.

    Taylor, K.L., Lamdan, R.M., Siegel, J.E., Shelby, R., Hrywna, M., & Moran-Klimi, K. (2002). Treatment regimen, sexual attractiveness concerns and psychological adjustment among African American breast cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology, 11, 505-517.

    Taylor, S.E., Falke, R.L., Shoptaw, S.J., & Lichtman, R.R. (1986). Social support, support groups, and the cancer patient. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 608-615.

    Thiel de Bocanegra, H. (1992). Cancer patients' interest in group support programs. Cancer Nursing, 15, 347-352.

    Wilmoth, M.C., & Sanders, L.D. (2001). Accept me for myself: African American women's issues after breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 28, 875-879.